In the Vedic culture, the bride and groom are considered as loving friends as they perform the saptapadi ritual wherein the groom holds the right leg of the bride and together they take seven steps to the north of the homa kuNda on the wedding day. BhagavAn Sri LakshmI NarAyaNa is propitiated through the Vedic hymns by the Groom for attainment of the following by the bride:
Ekamisha VishNus tvAnvetu
(1) Anna samruddhi (Plentiful food) by the first step
The couple takes the first step and promises that they will take care of each other and pray for abundant blessings and prosperity in their life.
Dve Urje VishNus tvAnvetu
(2) Vrddhi ( multiple development) by the second step
In the second step, the couple promises and prays to the Gods to bless them with physical and mental powers and lead a healthy married life.
trINI vratAya VishNus tvAnvetu
(3) Sat karma siddhi ( Good deeds) by the third step
During the third step, they promise to protect and increase their wealth by proper means.
catVAri mayobhavaya VishNus tvAnvetu
(4) Sukham (Pleasure) by the fourth step
With the fourth step, the bride and the groom pledge to share happiness and sadness together.
panca paSubhya: VishNus tvAnvetu
(5) paSu samruddhi (Cattle wealth) by the fifth step
With the fifth step, the couple promises to be responsible and care for their children.
shat Rtubhyah VishNus tvAnvetu
(6) Kshema (welfare) in all the six Rtus (seasons)by the sixth step
The sixth step is taken by the couple to be together always.
sapta saptabhyo hotrAbhyo VishNus tvAnvetu
(7) Performance of Yajnas (sacrifice) like soma yAga by the seventh step
And while taking the last seventh step, they promise to be truthful and trustworthy to each other and pledge to be united always in friendship and harmony.
sakhA sapta padA bhava
sakhAyau saptapadA babhUva
Having walked together seven steps, the groom and bride have become loving friends.
The Vedic hymns are intended to seek life-long loving and sweet companionship between the bride and groom without any separation at any point of time. Thus mutual love and affection based friendship is established between the couple.
By proper performance of the sacred vivAha ritual using Vedic Mantras with utmost faith and devotion , all the graha doshas (planetary deficiencies) get fully neutralised and the couple enjoy a long life with mutual love, prosperity, peace and sound health.